Technological Development

 Scientific Advancement Essay

Chapter 7

Clinical and Technological

Developments

INDIA has a extended and known tradition in science and technology through the ancient times to wonderful achievements throughout this century; these half just before independence have been related mainly to natural research. During the time of independence, each of our scientific and technological system was none strong neither organised as compared with the developed world. This kind of had resulted in our staying technologically dependent upon the skills and expertise available in other countries. In the past four decades, a great infrastructure and capability typically commensurate with meeting countrywide needs continues to be created minimising our dependence on other countries. A range of industries by small to one of the most sophisticated has become established covering up a wide range of resources, services and goods. There is now a water tank of expertise well acquainted with the most modern advancements in simple and utilized areas that may be equipped to make choices among available systems, to absorb readily new technologies and provide a framework pertaining to future countrywide development. RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE

Medical and scientific activities in India are carried out within wide installation consisting of Central government, Express governments, higher educational sector, public and private sector sector and nonprofit institutions/associations. These institutional structures, with their study laboratories, would be the main members to research and development becoming carried out in the area. Notable among these are: the Council of Scientific and Industrial Exploration (CSIR); Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR); Indian Council of Medical Study (ICMR). Additionally , there are many departmental laboratories of numerous departments/ministries, viz., Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Electronics, Department of Space, Department of Ocean Development, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Ministry of Non- Regular Energy Sources as well as the Ministry of Science and Technology. Even more, there are more than 1, 2 hundred in-house r and d units in industrial undertakings supporting analysis in their respective industries. Various Indian Colleges and Regarded Universities such as IITs likewise undertake substantial research and development function.

TECHNOLOGY INSURANCE PLAN STATEMENT

Technology Policy Declaration (TPS) was formulated in 1983 together with the basic objective of expanding indigenous technology and making sure efficient absorption Scientific and Technological Innovations

and variation of brought in technology suitable to national priorities and availability of methods. It is targeted at attaining technical competence and self-reliance, lowering vulnerability specifically in tactical and essential areas and making optimum use of native resources. The TPS also aims at employing traditional expertise and functions making them in a commercial sense competitive. Several other measures through technology-intervention are envisaged to optimise require on energy and ensure a harmonious relationship with the environment. With a view to strengthening our economy, structural reconstructs have been launched through re-homing of a fresh industrial coverage which will come with an important bearing on the programs of advancement pertaining to science and technology. A Technology Policy will be formulated to provide focus on the development of indigenous solutions and to make India self-reliant and competitive inside the technological discipline.

PROGRAMMES IN THE DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

The Department of Science and Technology, was set-up in-may 1971 with the aim of endorsing research inside the new areas and to try to be00 a critique department intended for organising, choosing and marketing science and technology actions in the country. Over time, the Office has evolved insurance plan statements and guidelines, provided mechanisms for co-ordination inside the areas of research and technology...


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