Early Modern English

 Early Modern day English Article

FROM

MIDDLE TO

MODERN DAY

MS. HANNAH RAKESTRAW

UK LITERATURE

PERIOD 2

WHAT'S GOING ON WITH ENGLISH LANGUAGE

SPELLING?

• Why don't we enunciate words in English

like those spell all of them?

• Take a glance: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=

ZXa8cO9mXFk

• This gap between your spoken and written

expression emerged throughout the Early Contemporary

English period after the printing press was

brought to England.

STAGES OF ENGLISH

1 ) Old The english language (449-1200): GERMANIC

2 . Middle section English (1200-1500): LATIN & FRENCH

several. Modern English (1500-present): COMMUNITY

EARLY CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH

(15TH – 18TH CENTURY)

 Associate this kind of stage with all the Renaissance believe Shakespeare, John Donne, and Milton.  Don't forget that Christopher Columbus traveled the world

the marine blue in 1492; )

 In the event you thought there was a lot of loan words

for Central English, then you definitely never regarded as

those in Early Modern English language!

JOHANN GUTENBERG SETS

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN MOVEMENT (1448)

BILL CAXTON &

ENGLISH STANDARDIZATION

 Brought first producing press

to England in 1476

During Edward IV's reign

(War of Roses)

 Accredited for beginning

the standardization of

English (homogenizing

regional dialects)

 Published in the East Midland

dialect

RISING SIGNIFICANCE OF THE EAST

MIDLAND LANGUAGE

• Geographically central

• Largest and most

densely populated area

• Spoken in Oxford and

Cambridge

• Spoken in London

CONSEQUENCES FROM THE PRINTING

PRESS

1 .

2 .

3.

some.

Strengthening from the London dialect

Books in English will be more available

Literacy rises

Abnormally cold of English language spelling

ME: natural beauty, bealte, buute, beuaute, bewtee,

bewte, beaute, beaultye

a few. Gap in English pronunciation and transliteration

emerges

3 MAJOR LINGUISTIC CHANGES

1 . Foreign borrowings / loanwords

2 . Wonderful Vowel Shift

3. Impact of Anglo-Norman scribes and

Dutch machines

3 KEY LINGUISTIC ALTERATIONS

1 . Lexical (vocabulary)

 Foreign types of word asking for

2 . Phonological (pronunciation)

 Great Vowel Shift improved pronunciation of

long vowels

3. Orthographical (spelling)

 Influence of foreign scribes and ink jet printers

1 . INTERNATIONAL BORROWINGS

 Borrowing (loanword): A word followed from

one more language and completely or partially

naturalized, e. g. very (French), macho (Spanish)

 The printing press made ebooks more easily

available for the new middle section classes.

 Since the new middle classes did not speak Latin

or French, that they demanded catalogs in English language.

 Many Latin and Greek ebooks were converted into

English.

 The Latin and Greek translations introduced

a large number of Latin/Greek bank loan words in to English.

BROADENING WORLD… OF

VOCABULARY

 By vocabulary – Latina, Greek, People from france,

Spanish, Persia, Dutch, Flemish

 Simply by use – In other words legislation, home, fine art,

drama, science, money, goods, trade

 Beyond this categories of Middle section English,

fresh ones appeared.

THANK YOU, LATIN

 2/3 of all the financial loan words of the period

happen to be borrowed/taken from Latin!

 Contributed greatly to the fields of

Science/Medicine, Education, and Religion

 EX: souple, abdomen, body structure, area, tablet,

compensate, dexterity, discus, disc/disk,

excavate, pricey, fictitious, gradual,

habitual, insane, janitor, meditate, notorious,

orbit, peninsula, physician, superintendent,

ultimate, vindicate

REALLY ALL GREEK TO ME

• Many obtained via Latina transmission

• Contributed tremendously to the areas of

Science/Medicine, Education, and Religion

• EX: anonymous, atmosphere, autograph,

catastrophe, orgasm, comedy, essenti, data,

inspiration, history, ostracize, parasite,

pneumonia, skeleton, tonic, tragedy

• Greek bound morphemes: -ism, -ize

AT THIS POINT, OFF TO CONTINENTAL

EUROPE

A FEW MORE VIA FRENCH

• French words and phrases were introduced through control

and, like Latin and Greek, to enhance the

The english language language

• Many People from france words relate with government,

law, fashion, social life, and the arts/high

tradition

• EX LOVER: chocolate, comrade, detail, dissertation,

mustache, progress, volunteer, identification,...


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